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Removal of Smear Layer by Two Endodontic Irrigation Solutions and Erbium: Yttrium, Aluminum, Garnet (Er:YAG)Laser. A Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM) Study

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Author(s): Seyed Mohsen Hasheminia | Raza Birang | Sara Nasouri | Ehsan Birang

Journal: Journal of Lasers in Medical Sciences
ISSN 2008-9783

Volume: 3;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 147;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: layer | smear | EDTA | Phosphoric acid | Er:YAG

ABSTRACT
Introduction: The purpose of the present study was to determine the effect of 17% Ethylene,di-amine, tetra-acetic acid (EDTA), 6% phosphoric acid and Erbium: Yttrium, Aluminum, Garnet (Er:YAG) Laser in removing the smear layer by scanning electron microscopy.Methods: In this study, 80 single-rooted human teeth were selected. Instrumentation was done by use of hand files and step-back technique up to file #40 at apical and file #80 at coronal area. During instrumentation, 1ml of 5.25% sodium hypochlorite (NaOCl) was used as irrigation between each file. The teeth were randomly divided into four groups with different methods of smear removal.17% Ethylene, di-amine, tetra-acetic acid was used in group 1, 6% Phosphoric acid in group 2, Erbium: Yttrium, Aluminum, Garnet laser in group 3, and no intervention in group 4 (as control). Roots were then longitudinally sectioned and prepared for scanning electron micrograph in cervical, middle and apical areas. Data were analyzed by Kruskal-Walis, Mann-Whitney, Friedman and Wilcoxson tests (P
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