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Renal Actions of Neutral Endopeptidase Inhibition in Rats with Chronic Heart Failure

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Author(s): Amr M. Abbas | Ayman Z. Elsamanoudy | Adel Zalata

Journal: American Journal of Applied Sciences
ISSN 1546-9239

Volume: 7;
Issue: 11;
Start page: 1449;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) | atrial natriuretic peptide | neutral endopeptidase (NEP) | Renin-Angiotensin-Aldosterone System (RAAS) | Coronary Artery Ligation (CAL) | Glomerular Filtration Rate (GFR) | Atrial Natriuretic Peptide (ANP) | Brain Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) | Mean Arterial Pressure (MAP)

ABSTRACT
Problem statement: We aim to evaluate the effects of acute and chronic inhibition of Neutral EndoPeptidase (NEP), by ONO-9902, on plasma and renal NEP gene expression, hemodynamic and renal parameters in rats with Chronic Heart Failure (CHF) following left Coronary Artery Ligation (CAL). Approach: Forty eight male Sprague-Dawley rats (220-240 g) were divided into sham and CAL groups. Myocardial infarction was induced by left CAL. All rats were further subdivided into untreated and orally treated with ONO-9902 (300 mg kg-1 day-1) from the 1st to 6th weeks after the operation. At the 1st and 6th weeks after the operation, gene expression of plasma and renal NEP, plasma ANP, cGMP and aldosterone concentrations, urine volume, Na and ANP excretion, creatinine clearance and renal cGMP generation were measured. Results: CAL leads to sodium and water retention, increased renal NEP gene expression, plasma ANP and aldosterone and decreased renal cGMP generation and plasma NEP gene expression. Acute treatment of CAL rats by ONO-9902, at the 1st week after the operation, inhibited plasma and renal NEP gene expression with increased plasma ANP, which caused diuresis, natriuresis and increased renal cGMP generation. Moreover, chronic treatment of those rats by ONO-9902 decreased plasma and renal NEP gene expression, plasma aldosterone, increased plasma ANP but non significantly, and caused diuresis, natriuresis with increased renal cGMP generation. GFR was not significantly changed before or after treatment. Conclusion: Chronic treatment with NEP inhibitor decreases Na and water retention in rats with CHF by enhancing ANP action and suppressing aldosterone secretion. So, ONO-9902 may offer a new therapeutic approach in patients with CHF.

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