Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

Reproductive biology of the protandrous Ferdinandusa speciosa Pohl (Rubiaceae) in Southeastern Brazil

ADD TO MY LIST
 
Author(s): CASTRO CIBELE CARDOSO DE | OLIVEIRA PAULO EUGÊNIO ALVES MACEDO DE

Journal: Revista Brasileira de Botânica
ISSN 0100-8404

Volume: 24;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 167;
Date: 2001;
Original page

Keywords: Ferdinandusa | hummingbird | pollination | protandry | Rubiaceae

ABSTRACT
A study of the floral biology and the breeding system of Ferdinandusa speciosa Pohl (Rubiaceae) was carried out from March to September 1996 in Uberlândia, MG, central Brazil. This species is a shrub or small tree that occurs in swampy edges of gallery forests. The two studied populations flowered somewhat asynchronously from March to July. The tubular flowers are red, approximately 4.7 cm long and last for two days. They are protandrous and the pollen is available one day before the stigma becomes receptive. The beginning of anthesis and the opening of the stigmatic lips occur at dusk. The nectar is secreted during both the male and the female phases, with concentration of sugars greater in the male phase. The flowers are pollinated by two hummingbird species, Chlorostilbon aureoventris and Phaethornis pretrei. Ferdinandusa speciosa is a self-compatible, non-apomictic species, with low fruit production under natural conditions in the populations studied. No differences were found between fruit set of self- and cross-pollinated flowers, nor in the pollen tube growth rate in the pistils of these flowers. The seeds formed by cross-pollination are larger, heavier and show a higher percentage of germination than those formed by self-pollination, which indicates inbreeding depression. This result suggests that, although the species is self-compatible, cross-pollination may be advantageous.
Save time & money - Smart Internet Solutions      Why do you need a reservation system?