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Research and Application of Marine Microbial Enzymes: Status and Prospects

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Author(s): Chen Zhang | Se-Kwon Kim

Journal: Marine Drugs
ISSN 1660-3397

Volume: 8;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 1920;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: marine microbial enzymes | protease | lipase | polysaccharide-degrading enzyme | extremozymes

ABSTRACT
Over billions of years, the ocean has been regarded as the origin of life on Earth. The ocean includes the largest range of habitats, hosting the most life-forms. Competition amongst microorganisms for space and nutrients in the marine environment is a powerful selective force, which has led to evolution. The evolution prompted the marine microorganisms to generate multifarious enzyme systems to adapt to the complicated marine environments. Therefore, marine microbial enzymes can offer novel biocatalysts with extraordinary properties. This review deals with the research and development work investigating the occurrence and bioprocessing of marine microbial enzymes.
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