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Research: PHYTOCHEMICAL, PHARMACOGNOSTICAL AND PHYSICOCHEMICAL STANDARDIZATION OF Peperomia pellucida (L.) HBK. STEM

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Author(s): Pulak Majumder

Journal: Pharmacie Globale : International Journal of Comprehensive Pharmacy
ISSN 0976-8157

Volume: 02;
Issue: 08;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Peperomia pellucida | Microscopy | Phytochemical screening | Physical evaluation.

ABSTRACT
Peperomia pellucida is an America and Asia originated small herb belonging to the Family Piperaceae. The stems of Peperomia pellucida are reported to have good medicinal values in traditional system of medicine. The stems of Peperomia pellucida were collected locally, shade dried and extracted with methanol and water by using Soxhlet apparatus. The yield of methanolic and water extracts of stem were 7.25% and 15.05% respectively. The preliminary phytochemical screening was carried out for the presence of Carbohydrates, Alkaloids, Tannins, Flavonoids, Steroids, Triterpenoids etc and absence of saponins and proteins for methanolic extracts of Peperomia pellucida (stems). The physical evaluation was carried out for the determination of methanol-soluble extractive value, water-soluble extractive values; ash value includes total ash, acid insoluble ash and water-soluble ash, foaming index, swelling index, fibres measurement and moisture content for stems of Peperomia pellucida. The present study also highlights the Pharmacognostical studies on the stems of the plant Peperomia pellucida. These observations will help in the Pharmacognostical identification and standardization of the drug in the crude form and also to distinguish the drug from its adulteration.
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