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Retrieval of Images Using DCT and DCT Wavelet Over Image Blocks

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Author(s): H. B. kekre | Kavita Sonawane

Journal: International Journal of Advanced Computer Sciences and Applications
ISSN 2156-5570

Volume: 2;
Issue: 10;
Start page: 98;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: component | DCT | DCT wavelet | Eucidean distance.

ABSTRACT
This paper introduces a new CBIR system based on two different approaches in order to achieve the retrieval efficiency and accuracy. Color and texture information is extracted and used in this work to form the feature vector. To do the texture feature extraction this system uses DCT and DCT Wavelet transform to generate the feature vectors of the query and database images. Color information extraction process includes separation of image into R, G and B planes. Further each plane is divided into 4 blocks and for each block row mean vectors are calculated. DCT and DCT wavelet is applied over row mean vector of each block separately and 4 sets of DCT and DCT wavelet coefficients are obtained respectively. Out of these few coefficients are selected from each block and arranged in consecutive order to form the feature vector of the image. Variable size feature vectors are formed by changing the no of coefficients selected from each row vector. Total 18 different sets are obtained by changing the no of coefficients selected from each block. These two different feature databases obtained using DCT and DCT wavelet are then tested using 100 query images from 10 different categories. Euclidean distance is used as similarity measure to compare the image features. Euclidean distance calculated is sorted into ascending order and cluster of first 100 images is selected to count the images which are relevant to the query image. Results are further refined using second level thresholding which uses three criteria which can be applied to first level results. Results obtained are showing the better performance by DCT wavelet as compare to DCT transform.
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