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Retrospective analysis of the patients with gynecological cancer: 11-Year Experience

Author(s): Abdulkadir Turgut | Ali Özler | Muhammet Erdal Sak | Mehmet Sıddık Evsen | Hatice Ender Soydinç | Ulaş Alabalık | Talip Gül

Journal: Journal of Clinical and Experimental Investigations
ISSN 1309-8578

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 209;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Ovarian cancer | uterine cancer | cervical cancer | cancer epidemiology

Objectives: We planned this study with the aim of obtainingknowledge about epidemiological characteristics of gynecologicalmalignancies followed up in our hospital.Materials and methods: In our study we analyzed 231patients that were operated with the appraisal diagnosis ofgynecological cancer in Gynecology and Obstetrics Departmentof Dicle University Medical Faculty between the datesof 2001, January and 2011, November.Results: The mostly diagnosed gynecological malignancywas ovarian cancers among the gynecological cancersseen in the first group compassing the period between theyear 2001 and the first half-term of the year 2006. In thesecond group compassing the period from the second halftermof the year 2006 to the end of the year 2011, ovariancancers were again the most frequently seen gynecologicalcancers. On the other hand it was found that there was anincrease in the percentage of endometrial cancers. Whilecases with advanced staged constituting the major part ofthe patients with ovarian cancer, it was seen that the majorityof the patients with endometrium cancer were consistingof stage 1 cases. In the 4 of 6 cases having endometriumcancer and applying with the complaint of pain, the diseasewas noticed in the advanced stage. Being the most frequentlyseen gynecological cancer all over the world andespecially in the societies with lower socio-economic status,the cervix cancer was taking place in the 3rd order afterendometrium cancer in terms of frequency in our region.Conclusion: Consequently, in the recent years the gynecologicalcancer showing the most frequent increase wasendometrium cancer in our region. The increase in the frequencyof obesity, relating with the reasons like the impropernutrition behavior, the increase in the socio-economic status,may be associated with the increase in the frequencyof endometrium cancer. The healthcare personals and thepublic body must be instructed to diagnose the gynecologicalcancer cases especially the ones having ovarian cancerin the early stage. J Clin Exp Invest 2012; 3(2): 209-213
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