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Return Signal Intensity Ratio Modulates the Impact of Background Signal on Ozone DIAL Night Time Measurement in the Troposphere

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Author(s): Nianwen Cao | Tetsuo Fuckuchi | Takashi Fujii | Zhengrong Chen | Jiansong Huang

Journal: Journal of Electromagnetic Analysis and Applications
ISSN 1942-0730

Volume: 02;
Issue: 07;
Start page: 450;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Differential Absorption Lidar (DIAL) | Ozone

ABSTRACT
This paper discusses the uncertainty of ozone differential absorption lidar (DIAL) measurements due to the impact of background signal. The impact of background signal on ozone concentration profiles is proportional to the background intensity and the ratio of return signal intensities at “on” and “off” wavelength ( ) (hereinafter we call it the return signal intensity ratio). Analysis suggests that an appropriate return signal intensity ratio can make the impact of background signal very small, negligible. The simulations based on the analysis coincide with the experimental results. The experimental results show that the impact of background signal is negligible at an appropriate return signal intensity ratio of 0.96 at wavelength pair (280,285 nm). In case of unknown background intensity, we can adjust the laser pulse energy levels at the two wavelengths to obtain an appropriate return signal intensity ratio on the oscilloscope to suppress the impact of background signal and ensure the accuracy of night time ozone measurements.
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