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A review of the genus Heterometrus Ehrenberg, 1828, with descriptions of seven new species (Scorpiones, Scorpionidae).

Author(s): Kovařík, F.

Journal: Euscorpius
ISSN 1536-9307

Issue: 15;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2004;
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Keywords: Scorpiones | Scorpionidae | Heterometrus | systematics

The genus Heterometrus is revised and a key is presented to all species except H. tristis. Subgenera Chersonesometrus Couzijn, 1978, Gigantometrus Couzijn, 1978, Javanimetrus Couzijn, 1981 and Srilankametrus Couzijn, 1981 are synonymized with the subgenus Heterometrus Ehrenberg, 1828. Seven new species of Heterometrus are described: H. beccaloniae sp. n., H. mysorensis sp. n., H. rolciki sp. n., and H. ubicki sp. n. from India, H. nepalensis sp. n., from Nepal, H. sejnai sp. n. from Thailand, and H. cimrmani sp. n. from Thailand and Vietnam. The following species and subspecies are synonymized: H. (Chersonesometrus) fastigiosus Couzijn, 1981with H. bengalensis (C. L. Koch, 1841); H. (Srilankametrus) indus laevitensus Couzijn, 1981 with H. gravimanus (Pocock, 1894); H. liophysa madoerensis Kopstein, 1921 and H. laevifrons Roewer, 1943 with H. liophysa (Thorell,1888); H. (H.) longimanus belitungensis Couzijn, 1981 and H. (H.) longimanus tarawakanensis Couzijn, 1981 withH. longimanus (Herbst, 1800); H. (Chersonesometrus) granulomanus Couzijn, 1981 with H. madraspatensisPocock, 1900; Palamnaeus phipsoni collinus Pocock, 1900 with H. phipsoni (Pocock, 1893); H. (H.)malapuramensis Tikader & Bastawade, 1983 with H. scaber (Thorell, 1876); H. (Gigantometrus) swammerdamititanicus Couzijn, 1981 with H. swammerdami Simon, 1872; and H. (Chersonesometrus) pelekomanus Couzijn,1981 with H. wroughtoni (Pocock, 1899). H. thorellii (Pocock, 1892) comb. n. is recognized as valid species.Lectotypes are designated for H. xanthopus (Pocock, 1897) and for H. bengalensis (C. L. Koch, 1841), whichinvalidate Couzijn’s (1981) neotype designation. H. bengalensis (C. L. Koch, 1841) is for the first time recordedfrom Orissa, H. fulvipes (C. L. Koch, 1837) from Mysore, Uttar Pradesh, and West Bengal, H. kanaraensis (Pocock,1900) from Goa, H. phipsoni (Pocock, 1893) from Orissa, H. scaber (Thorell, 1876) from Mysore and Pondichery,H. swammerdami Simon, 1872 from Mysore, and H. wroughtoni (Pocock, 1899) from Mysore (all states of India).

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