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A REVIEW ON CHEMICAL AND MEDICOBIOLOGICAL APPLICATIONS OF JATROPHA CURCAS

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Author(s): Sachdeva Kamal | Singhal Manmohan | Srivastava Birendra

Journal: International Research Journal of Pharmacy
ISSN 2230-8407

Volume: 2;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 61;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Jatropha curcus | Euphorbiaceae | biodiesel

ABSTRACT
Jatropha curcas, a multipurpose, drought resistant, perennial plant belonging to Euphorbiaceae family is gaining lot of importance for the production of biodiesel. It is a tropical plant that can be grown in low to high rainfall areas either in the farms as a commercial crop or on the boundaries as a hedge to protect fields from grazing animals and to prevent erosion. Before exploiting any plant for industrial application, it is imperative to have complete information about its biology, chemistry, and all other applications so that the potential of plant could be utilized maximally. The taxonomy, botanical description of the plant, its distribution and ecological requirement are discussed in this paper. The detailed information about the presence of various chemicals including toxins in different parts of the plant is summarized. The possibilities of potential of plant for various pharmacological activities have been summarized. The information about the toxins and detoxification methods is collected and discussed. Overall, this paper gives an overview on covering the biology, chemistry, toxicity of seeds and detoxification and various industrial uses.

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