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A review on phytochemistry and medicinal properties of the genus Achillea

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Author(s): S Saeidnia | AR Gohari | N Mokhber-Dezfuli | F Kiuchi

Journal: DARU : Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences
ISSN 1560-8115

Volume: 19;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 173;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Achillea | Asteraceae | Bioactive compounds | Buoyancy

ABSTRACT
Achillea L. (Compositae or Asteraceae) is a widely distributed medicinal plant throughout the world and has been used since ancient time. Popular indications of the several species of this genus include treatment of wounds, bleedings, headache, infammation, pains, spasmodic diseases, fatulence and dyspepsia. Phytochemical investigations of Achillea species have revealed that many components from this genus are highly bioactive. There are many reports on the mentioned folk and traditional effects. Although, the medicinal properties of Achillea plants are recognized worldwide, there are only one review article mainly about the structures of the phytochemical constituents of Achillea. The present paper reviews the medicinal properties of various species of Achillea, which have been examined on the basis of the scientifc in vitro, in vivo or clinical evaluations. Various effects of these plants may be due to the presence of a broad range of secondary active metabolites such as favonoids, phenolic acids, coumarins, terpenoids (monoterpenes, sesquiterpenes, diterpenes, triterpenes) and sterols which have been frequently reported from Achillea species

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