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Review of the Pharmacological and Toxicological Effects of Salvia leriifolia

Author(s): Hossein Hosseinzadeh | Hamid Reza Sadeghnia | Mohsen Imenshahidi | Bibi Sedigheh Fazly Bazzaz

Journal: Iranian Journal of Basic Medical Sciences
ISSN 2008-3866

Volume: 12;
Issue: 41;
Date: 2009;
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Keywords: Salvia leriifolia | Nuruozak | Lamiaceae | Herbal medicine

Salvia leriifolia Benth. (vernacular names such as Nuruozak and Jobleh) is a perennial herbaceous plant that grows exclusively in south and tropical regions of Khorasan and Semnan provinces, I. R. Iran. Unlike other species of Salvia genus, the chemical constituents of S. leriifolia are not well recognized. The stem oil of the plant consisted mainly both monoterpenes and sesquiterpenes, while in leaf and flower oils monoterpenes predominated over sesquiterpenes. In recent years, the different properties of this plant such as the attenuation of morphine dependence, hypoglycemic, antinociceptive and antiinflammatory, antioxidant, anti-ischemia, anticonvulsant, antiulcer effects, antibacterial activities and antimutagenic effects were evaluated. These effects introduce this plant for more toxicological and clinical trials evaluations as a herbal medicine.
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