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REVIEW: Social and Environmental Issues of Danau Sentarum National Park, West Kalimantan

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Author(s): ONRIZAL | CECEP KUSMANA | BAMBANG HERO SAHARJO | IIN PURWATI HANDAYANI | TSUYOSHI KATO

Journal: Biodiversitas
ISSN 1412-033X

Volume: 6;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 220;
Date: 2005;
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Keywords: anau Sentarum National Park | West Kalimantan | social issues | environmental issues

ABSTRACT
Danau Sentarum National Park (DSNP) is a cluster of lakes located in Kapuas Hulu District, West Kalimantan Province with the total area of 132,000 ha. From 1981 to January 1999 this site was recognized as Suaka Margasatwa Danau Sentarum (Danau Sentarum Wildlife Reserve). Since 1994 this site had been declared as Ramsar site. DSNP is a “monumental site”, since the only undisturbed peat swamp forest was found in this site. Peat swamp forest in the national park stores the oldest tropical peat in the world. The lakes and the peat swamp forest in DSNP that always flood is the biggest water reservoir for West Kalimantan Province. Peat swamp forest in the national park served as water reservoir in the national park, which was able to keep 300 – 400 % of moisture content from dry weight basis. Based on our investigation, the decreasing income of fisherman and natural resources destruction affected other community to do illegal logging supported by investors from neighboring country in which they can get cash money easily. Using special approaches in law enforcement, technological, socio-economical, socio cultural and ecological aspects should solve social problems faced by DSNP. Eco-tourism might be one alternative solution for DSNP as one of tourism object.
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