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The risk of child and adolescent overweight is related to types of food consumed

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Author(s): Matthews Vichuda | Wien Michelle | Sabaté Joan

Journal: Nutrition Journal
ISSN 1475-2891

Volume: 10;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 71;
Date: 2011;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background/Aims To investigate the association between the risk of overweight and the consumption of food groups in children and adolescents. Methods We studied 1764 healthy children and adolescents (age 6-19y) attending 16 Seventh-Day Adventist schools and 13 public schools using a 106-item non-quantitative food frequency questionnaire from the late 1980 Child-Adolescent Blood Pressure Study. Logistic regression models were used to compute the risk of overweight according to consumption of grains, nuts, vegetables, fruits, meats/fish/eggs, dairy, and, low nutrient-dense foods (LNDF). Results The frequency of consumption of grains, nuts, vegetables and LNDF were inversely related to the risk of being overweight and dairy increased the risk. Specifically, the odds ratio (95% CI) for children in the highest quartile or tertile of consumption compared with the lowest quartile or tertile were as follows: grains 0.59(0.41-0.83); nuts 0.60(0.43-0.85); vegetables 0.67(0.48-0.94); LNDF 0.43(0.29-0.63); and, dairy 1.36(0.97, 1.92). Conclusion The regular intake of specific plant foods may prevent overweight among children and adolescents.
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