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Risk factors of cardiovascular diseases among workers in Isfahan

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Author(s): A. Bahonar | M. Shahnam | M. Asadi-Lari | M. Bashtam | M. Gharipoor | M.H. Taghdisi | N. Sarafzadeghan

Journal: Iran Occupational Health
ISSN 1735-5133

Volume: 7;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: CVD | risk factor | electricity production and distribution company | prevention

ABSTRACT
  Background and aims   Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is known as a health threat. In Iran CVD is the first leading cause of death. The more prevalence of cardiovascular risks factor leads to the higher prevalence of CVD. Previous studies revealed CVD prevention depends on healthy lifestyle. This study was conducted to determine the prevalence of cardiovascular risk factors among occupational population of the Isfahan Electricity Production and Distribution Worker  (IEPW) and to plan a strategy for CVD prevention.     Methods   This cross-sectional study was conducted on all 585 occupational populations of  IEPD in 1387. Data was based on questionnaire including demographic characteristics, medical  history, and physical examination. Gender, age, education, occupation, married statues, smoking, and physical activity were considered in demographic characteristic, CVD risk factors and noncommunicable disease history in medical history, and height, weight, waist circumstance, hip circumstance, and blood pressure in physical examination. FBS, total cholesterol, LDL-C, HDLC, TG were tested for each person. Data were analyzed using the SPSS 15.     Results   The findings showed that 4.2% had high FBS, 33.3% high LDL-C, 48.2% high total cholesterol, 26.4% low HDL-C, and 51% high TG. Obesity was seen in 13.6%, overweight in 46.7%, abdominal obesity in 42.8%, and physical inactivity in 75%. In addition, 16.4% were current smoker and 5.8% of were ex-smoker.   Discussion   considering nearly high prevalence of CVD risk factors in occupational population, recognition of CVD risk factors could provide an intervention program to prevent CVD in this company and maybe in other companies.  

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