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Role of ABCG2 expression driven by cisplatin in platinum-containing chemotherapy for gastric cancer

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Author(s): Qiang Zhang | Kun Li | Jian-Hua Xu | Cheng-Gen Zhao | Qi Gao | Bin Wu | Xiao-Yan Liu

Journal: World Journal of Gastroenterology
ISSN 1007-9327

Volume: 19;
Issue: 39;
Start page: 6630;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Gastric cancer | ABCG2 mRNA expression | Cisplatin | Overall survival

ABSTRACT
AIM: To investigate the relationship between increases in expression time of ABCG2 mRNA driven by cisplatin and efficacy of platinum-containing chemotherapy for gastric cancer. METHODS: Tumor specimens and normal control tissues were collected from 78 patients with gastric cancer treated from January 2008 to December 2011. Fresh tumor tissue obtained from the surgically resected specimens was tested within 6 h. Polymerase chain reaction products were run on 2% agarose gels and analyzed under ultraviolet light after ethidium bromide staining. Increases in ABCG2 mRNA expression time were assessed after cancer cells were incubated with cisplatin, and were divided into terciles and compared in relation to clinical outcomes. RESULTS: Among groups classified by expression time of ABCG2 mRNA, no significant differences in baseline clinical characteristics and pathological findings were detected. The median overall time was 14.2 (95%CI: 9.7-18.6), 11.4 (95%CI: 6.3-16.5) and 8.1 (95%CI: 5.4-10.8) in patients with low, intermediate and high increases in ABCG2 mRNA expression times (P < 0.05), respectively. Median survival associated with performance status and tumor node metastasis (TNM) stage showed a similar trend, with longer survival and higher risk for mortality associated with lower performance status score and TNM stage. In a multivariate analysis for survival with Cox proportional-hazards model, increased ABCG2 mRNA expression time was an independent predictor for overall survival. Overall survival was longer with increased ABCG2 mRNA expression times ≤ 0.71 than increased ABCG2 mRNA expression times > 0.71, with a hazard ratio for death of 0.855 (95%CI: 0.615-0.962, P = 0.038). CONCLUSION: Increased ABCG2 mRNA expression time driven by cisplatin is associated with survival of gastric cancer patients, and this may help modify the therapeutic strategies.
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