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ROLE OF BIOINFORMATICS IN AGRICULTURE AND SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT

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Author(s): SINGH VK, SINGH AK, CHAND R AND KUSHWAHA C

Journal: International Journal of Bioinformatics Research
ISSN 0975-3087

Volume: 3;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 221;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: bioinformatics | genomics | agriculture | stress | sustainable development

ABSTRACT
Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary area of the science composed of biology, mathematics and computerscience. Bioinformatics is the application of information technology to manage biological data that helps in decoding plantgenomes. During the last two decades enormous data has been generated in biological science, firstly, with the onset ofsequencing the genomes of model organisms and, secondly, rapid application of high throughput experimental techniques inlaboratory research. Biological research that earlier used to start in laboratories, fields and plant clinics is now starts at thecomputational level using computers (In-silico) for analysis of the data, experiment planning and hypothesis development.Bioinformatics develops algorithms and suitable data analysis tools to infer the information and make discoveries.Application of various bioinformatics tools in biological research enables storage, retrieval, analysis, annotation andvisualization of results and promotes better understanding of biological system in fullness. This will help in plant health carebased disease diagnosis to improve the quality of Plant.
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