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The Role of Climatic Factors in the Process of Tourism in the Cities of Kohgiluyeh va Boyer Ahmad Province

Author(s): Seyyed Chamran Mousavi | Houshang Sarvar | Asghar Rashidi Ebrahim Hesari | Ali Vahedi | Manije Laleh Pour

Journal: Journal of Civil Engineering and Urbanism
ISSN 2252-0430

Volume: 03;
Issue: 03;
Start page: 92;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Tourism | Climate | Tourism Climate Index | Kohgiluyeh Va Boyer Ahmad Province

Beside cultural, social and economic factors, environmental factors also play an importantrole in the development of tourism industry and also attracting tourists. Tourism is formed in a geographicalatmosphere. This atmosphere has a physical and natural structure including factors such as climate, geologyand vegetation and also a human structure with elements such as facilities and equipments that tourists need.The methodology used for the present research is descriptive and analytical and is also based on librarysurveys and field studies that used a 20 year period data from five weather stations in the province ofKohgiluyeh va Boyer Ahmad (including the dry temperature, the minimum and maximum temperature,average, minimum and maximum relative humidity, precipitation, radiation and wind) to calculate thetourism climate index for this province and it was defined using zoning maps through GIS software. Basedon the tourism climate index (TCI) in the Kohgiluyeh va Boyer Ahmad province July is the best month fortourists and in this month the climatic conditions are ideal for tourists. April, May, June, September andOctober also provide excellent climate conditions. In August and November the climate condition is verygood for tourists and December and March are also good for this purpose. But the other months of the yearincluding January and February are cold and the climate conditions are not proper for tourists. In fact theTCI diagram in Kohgiluyeh va Boyer Ahmad has two peaks. One of the peaks starts from the beginning ofspring and continues to the end of this season and the other one starts from the beginning of summer andcontinues to the middle of the autumn. In the summer as the TCI is high and the condition is ideal, a touristdoes not need cooling or heating devices and can enjoy their time in this province.
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