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The role of natural dietary compounds in colorectal cancer chemoprevention

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Author(s): Anna Olejnik | Joanna Tomczyk | Katarzyna Kowalska | Włodzimierz Grajek

Journal: Postępy Higieny i Medycyny Doświadczalnej
ISSN 0032-5449

Volume: 64;
Issue: 840537;
Start page: 175;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: nowotwór jelita grubego | bioaktywne składniki żywności | chemioprewencja | aktywność przeciwnowotworowa | działanie przeciwzapalne

ABSTRACT
This review discusses the preventive and therapeutic potential of natural dietary compounds against colorectal cancer. The chemopreventive properties of many natural food matrices and purified bioactive compounds have been evaluated. Prominent among the dietary constituents that are the focus of interest in colorectal cancer chemoprevention are dietary fiber, probiotics and prebiotics, methionine and folate, vitamins D and E, calcium and selenium, anthocyanins, procyanidins, phytoestrogens, isothiocyanates, epigallocatechin gallate, curcumin, and resveratrol. Laboratory studies provide strong evidence for the antitumor potential of these dietary agents. The mechanisms of their chemopreventive action are associated with, for example, the modulation of gene expression involved in the regulation of cell proliferation, differentiation, and apoptosis and the suppression of metastasis and angiogenesis. The anti-carcinogenic properties of these food compounds are also related to inhibition of many inflammatory agents, including the expression of cyclooxygenase-2. [i]In vitro[/i] and animal studies showed that most of them can protect against various carcinogens mediating colon cancer and suggest that they can also sensitize tumors to chemotherapy and radiation. Although experimental studies have clearly demonstrated their anticancer activity, not many clinical trials have provided satisfying results, not only because of the lack of efficiency of the chemopreventive agents, but also due to the lack of precise biomarkers monitoring their effects on colon cancer. Despite the lack of strong evidence for the anticancer potential of natural food compounds, clinicians have high hopes for using these factors in colon cancer chemoprevention and decreasing the incidence of this common malignancy in the future.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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