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The Role of Security Sector in Management of Conflicts and Promotion of Democratic Governance in Nigeria

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Author(s): Joseph O. Fayeyecentre

Journal: Current Research Journal of Social Science
ISSN 2041-3238

Volume: 4;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 190;
Date: 2012;
Original page

Keywords: Democracy | democratic governance | escalated conflict | security sector | sustainability

ABSTRACT
Nigeria with a population of over one hundred and forty million people is multi-ethnic, multireligious, multi-cultural and multi-lingual. This plural political state has witnessed multiple escalated conflicts that threatened it survival and present its characteristics as a country with negative peace, insecurity and weak political order. Nigeria’s democracy remains nascent and its unity challenged by intractable threats to lives and property. In the midst of these, the security sector is often called upon to pro-actively nip the threat to peace and democratic governance in its bud. This study therefore examines the role of the security sector in the management of conflicts and the promotion of democratic governance in Nigeria. The conceptual clarification provides the needed literary focus for the study. The various dimensions of escalated conflicts in Nigeria from 2009 to 2011 were highlighted also. Furthermore the role played by the security sector in sustaining democratic governance was chronicled. Lastly the extent to which the resultant social order promotes democratic governance was evaluated. The study concluded with policy options for the effectiveness of the security sector in managing conflicts and sustaining democratic governance through appropriate reform processes.
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