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The role of synthetic biomaterials in resorptive alveolar bone regeneration

Author(s): Kaličanin Biljana M. | Ajduković Zorica R. | Kostić Milena | Najman Stevo J. | Savić Vojin P. | Ignjatović Nenad L.

Journal: Hemijska Industrija
ISSN 0367-598X

Volume: 61;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 96;
Date: 2007;
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Keywords: cp/plga | alveolar bone | calcium | phosphate | lead | cadmium

The alveolar bone tissue resorption defect has a significant role in dentistry. Because of the bone tissue deficit developed by alveolar resorption, the use of synthetic material CP/PLGA (calcium-phosphate/polylactide-co-gliycolide) composite was introduced. Investigations were performed on rats with artificially produced resorption of the mandibular bone. The results show that the best effect on alveolar bone were attained by using nano-composite implants. The effect of the nanocomposite was ascertained by determining the calcium and phosphate content, as a basis of the hydroxyapatite structure. The results show that synthetic CP/PLGA nanocomposite alleviate the rehabilitation of weakened alveolar bone. Due to its osteoconductive effect, CP/PLGA can be the material of choice for bone substitution in the future.
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