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The Rural Landscapes and Small-Scale Agricultural Practices in the Transylvanian Plain

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Author(s): Nicolae BACIU | Cristian MALOŞ | Gheorghe ROŞIAN | Mircea MUREŞIANU | Eduard SCHUSTER | Andras BARTA | Carmen STĂNESCU | Octavian-Liviu MUNTEAN | Radu MIHĂIESCU

Journal: Journal of Settlements and Spatial Planning
ISSN 2069-3419

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 63;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: rural landscape | small-scale agricultural practices | GIS | Transylvanian Plain

ABSTRACT
This paper is focused on the relationships between small-scale agricultural practices and cultural landscape of Transylvanian Plain. The geographical position of Transylvanian Plain in central part of Romania shows with relevance its favourability for sustainable agriculture and developing assumptions. Despite of this, the region was kept outside of the major infrastructural and economic trends. We could, also, include the Transylvanian Plain into a typical rural “central isolation space” relating on this historical-political tendencies, concluding on different types of rural and agricultural landscapes. In this context, small-scale agriculture practices are alternatives to factory farming or more broadly, intensive agriculture or unsustainable farming methods. Sustainable agriculture is not only a package of prescribed methods but is a pre-requisite for territorial development of rural areas. Small scale agriculture include a number of sustainable farm practices such as: organic farming, which removes all chemical pesticides, herbicides and fertilizer from agriculture; permaculture, which provides a holistic methodology for farm design; arable land use that is used for growing crops; non-arable land use; pastoral land use etc. Generally speaking, the small-scale agricultural practices are oriented to: produce enough food; produce safe food; take care of the environment; build thriving and strong rural communities.
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