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SAGE CALCULATIONS OF THE TSUNAMI THREAT FROM LA PALMA

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Author(s): Galen Gisler | Robert Weaver | Michael L. Gittings

Journal: Science of Tsunami Hazards
ISSN 8755-6839

Volume: 24;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 228;
Date: 2006;
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Keywords: SAGE code | tsunami | landslides | asteroid impacts | tsunami propagation | mathematical modeling

ABSTRACT
With the LANL multiphysics hydrocode SAGE, we have performed several two-dimensional calculations and one three-dimensional calculation using the full Navier-Stokes equations, of a hypothetical landslide resembling the event posited by Ward and Day (2001), a lateral flank collapse of the Cumbre Vieja Volcano on La Palma that would produce a tsunami. The SAGE code has previously been used to model the Lituya Bay landslide-generated tsunami (Mader & Gittings, 2002), and has also been used to examine tsunami generation by asteroid impacts (Gisler, Weaver, Mader, & Gittings, 2003). This code uses continuous adaptive mesh refinement to focus computing resources where they are needed most, and accurate equations of state for water, air, and rock. We find that while high-amplitude waves are produced that would be highly dangerous to nearby communities (in the Canary Islands, and the shores of Morocco, Spain, and Portugal), the wavelengths and periods of these waves are relatively short, and they will not propagate efficiently over long distances.
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