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Scalable Video Coding with Interlayer Signal Decorrelation Techniques

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Author(s): Yang Wenxian | Rath Gagan | Guillemot Christine

Journal: EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing
ISSN 1687-6172

Volume: 2007;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 054342;
Date: 2007;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Scalability is one of the essential requirements in the compression of visual data for present-day multimedia communications and storage. The basic building block for providing the spatial scalability in the scalable video coding (SVC) standard is the well-known Laplacian pyramid (LP). An LP achieves the multiscale representation of the video as a base-layer signal at lower resolution together with several enhancement-layer signals at successive higher resolutions. In this paper, we propose to improve the coding performance of the enhancement layers through efficient interlayer decorrelation techniques. We first show that, with nonbiorthogonal upsampling and downsampling filters, the base layer and the enhancement layers are correlated. We investigate two structures to reduce this correlation. The first structure updates the base-layer signal by subtracting from it the low-frequency component of the enhancement layer signal. The second structure modifies the prediction in order that the low-frequency component in the new enhancement layer is diminished. The second structure is integrated in the JSVM 4.0 codec with suitable modifications in the prediction modes. Experimental results with some standard test sequences demonstrate coding gains up to 1 dB for I pictures and up to 0.7 dB for both I and P pictures.
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