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Scalar and vectorial approaches to cavity modes of the GaAs-based 1.3-μm oxide-confined edge emitting diode laser

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Author(s): Tomasz Czyszanowski | Wlodzimierz Nakwaski

Journal: Optica Applicata
ISSN 0078-5466

Volume: 37;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 209;
Date: 2007;
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Keywords: laser simulations | laser modes | edge emitting diode lasers

ABSTRACT
The modelling of optical fields within cavities of GaAs-based oxide-confined edge-emitting diode lasers is analysed treating the 1.3-mm InGaAs/GaAs quantum-well laser as an example of a typical device. Usability of two different optical approaches is compared. While in the first approach, based on the scalar wave simplification, optical fields within laser resonators are found to be composed of the TE modes, an alternative, more precise vectorial approach leads to the hybrid modes: EH and HE. Advantages and disadvantages of both methods are discussed and their validity limits in determination of mode intensities are compared. Simplified scalar approaches have often happened to be surprisingly exact, except for their weaker guidance occurring for higher-order modes, narrower aperture widths and/or thinner oxidation layers, when more exact but also more time-consuming vectorial approaches should be exclusively used.
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Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona