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Scaling properties of pH fluctuations in coastal waters of the English Channel: pH as a turbulent active scalar

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Author(s): S. B. Zongo | F. G. Schmitt

Journal: Nonlinear Processes in Geophysics
ISSN 1023-5809

Volume: 18;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 829;
Date: 2011;
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ABSTRACT
We consider here pH and temperature fluctuations in marine waters, recorded at fixed points using high resolution automatic devices. We analyze time series coming from 4 monitoring stations located along French coast: one station is situated in the coastal area off Boulogne-sur-mer (Eastern English Channel) and 3 stations in the Bay of Seine. All these pH time series reveal large fluctuations at all scales similar to turbulent temperature fluctuations. We compare the pH and temperature time series through Fourier spectral analysis methods: spectra, compensated spectra, cospectra. We find good scaling properties of pH fluctuations, with power spectral slopes close to 1.5 for marine stations and 1.2 for the estuarine station. These analyses show that pH fluctuations in marine waters are strongly influenced by turbulent hydrodynamical transport, and may be considered as a turbulent active scalar.
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