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Scientific Method in the Philosophy of Averroes

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Author(s): Hacı Kaya

Journal: Igdir University Journal of Social Sciences
ISSN 2147-5717

Issue: 4;
Start page: 13;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Demonstration | deduction | induction | scientific method | cause | universal | singular | principle | premise.

ABSTRACT
Averroes’ scientific method, the method of demonstration (burhân) is the induction–deduction method. This method appears us as an important composition of empiricism and rationalism. According to this method human reason starts from the comprehension connected with singular objects and phenomenon that the senses have transferred. The reason that has capability of abstraction at the beginning of comprehension discovers the common attribute, the identity, the unity in the objects and phenomenon, and it reaches in accordance with its nature from the being to causal principle. In this way the reason constitutes the causal principles and universal laws of science. After that it is got the scientific knowledge about new phenomenon from this principles and laws.
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