Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

SCREENING OF CELLULOLYTIC FUNGI FOR MANAGEMENT OF MUNICIPAL SOLID WASTE

ADD TO MY LIST
 
Author(s): S.P.GAUTAM | P.S. BUNDELA | A.K. PANDEY | M.K. AWASTHI | S. SARSAIYA

Journal: Journal of Applied Sciences in Environmental Sanitation
ISSN 0126-2807

Volume: 5;
Issue: 4;
Start page: 391;
Date: 2010;
VIEW PDF   PDF DOWNLOAD PDF   Download PDF Original page

Keywords: Cellulosic material | Thermogenesis | Municipal solid waste (MSW) | Cellulases

ABSTRACT
Currently, Rapid industrialization and Population explosion in India, the estimated quantity of the waste generation was11 billion tones of industrial wastes and 1.6 billion tones were municipal solid waste. About 90 billion tones solid wastes are expected to be generated annually by the year 2025. The main objective of this study is to maximize economic benefits and at the same time protection of environment by microbial activity for waste management. Cellulases are group of hydrolytic enzymes capable of hydrolyzing the most abundant organic polymer i.e. Cellulose to smaller sugar components including glucose subunits. Cellulases have enormous potential in industrials and used in food, beverages, textile, laundry, paper and pulp industries etc. This study was aimed to screen the cellulolytic ability of fungi from municipal solid waste. Out of 20 fungal culture isolates from environmental sources including 8 different zones, 16 fungi were found to passes cellulose degrading ability. Cellulolytic fungi belonging to Aspergillus funmigatus, Trichoderma sp.I and Chaetomium sp. Results obtained during this study clearly indicate that cellulase activity of Aspergillus fumigatus and Trichoderna sp.1 were found relatively towards the higher side and A. niger, A. flavus, A. nidulans, Alernaria sp., Penicillium sp. moderate range while Fusarium sp., Humicola sp. and Torula sp. showed low cellulase activity. These fungi were potential cellulose degrader and useful for the management of municipal solid waste.
Why do you need a reservation system?      Affiliate Program