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Screening For Mental Disorders Among Afghan Immigrants Residing in Tehran

Author(s): M. Mohammadian | M. Dadfar | J. Bolhari | E. Karimi Keisami

Journal: Iranian Journal of Psychiatry and Clinical Psychology
ISSN 1735-4315

Volume: 11;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 270;
Date: 2005;
Original page

Keywords: Key words: Afghan immigrants | mental disorders | General Health Questionnaire-28

 AbstractIntroduction: The goal of the study was to screen mental disorders in Afghan immigrants who lived in Tehran in the year 2003.Method: In this research 453 Afghan immigrants (227 male and 226 female) were selected by cluster sampling from different areas of Tehran. Instruments were a demographic questionnaire on substance abuse and suicidal thoughts and attempted suicide, and the General Health Question- naire (GHQ-28) completed by Afghan interviewers. Data were analyzed using t-test, and ANOVA.Results: Findings showed that the prevalence of mental disorders was 55.6% (19.9% in males 35.7% in females). Prevalence of social dysfunction, anxiety, and somatic symptoms were higher than the depression. Ten percent of Afghan immigrants smoked cigarettes and 4% of them were substance abuser. Four percent had suicidal thoughts and 2% had attempted suicide. There was a significant association between mental disorders and demographic characteristics except for family size. Also there was a  significant association between mental disorders and type of re-sidence (i.e. centered vs. noncentered), but no meaningful relationship with the duration of stay  in Iran, reason for migration and place of residence. Conclusion: Mental disorders are of high prevalence in Afghan immigrants in Tehran.
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