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Seasonal patterns in Arctic planktonic metabolism (Fram Strait – Svalbard region)

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Author(s): R. Vaquer-Sunyer | C. M. Duarte | J. Holding | A. Regaudie-de-Gioux | L. S. García-Corral | M. Reigstad | P. Wassmann

Journal: Biogeosciences Discussions
ISSN 1810-6277

Volume: 9;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 7701;
Date: 2012;
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ABSTRACT
The metabolism of the Arctic Ocean is marked by extreme pronounced seasonality and spatial heterogeneity associated with light conditions, ice cover, water masses and nutrient availability. Here we report the marine planktonic metabolic rates (Net Community Production, Gross Primary Production and Community Respiration) along three different seasons of the year for a total of eight cruises along the western sector of the European Arctic (Fram Strait – Svalbard region) in the Arctic Ocean margin: one at the end of 2006 (fall/winter), two in 2007 (early spring and summer), two in 2008 (early spring and summer), one in 2009 (late spring–early summer) and one in 2010 (spring). The results show that metabolisms of the western sector of the European Arctic varies throughout the year, depending mostly on the stage of bloom, which is mainly determined by availability of light and nutrients. Here we report metabolic rates for the different periods, including the spring bloom, summer and the dark period, increasing considerably the empirical basis on metabolic rates in the Artic Ocean, and especially in the European Arctic corridor. We also report a rough annual metabolic balance for this area of the Arctic Ocean, resulting in a Net Community Production of 108 g C m−2 yr−1.
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