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Secret Key Agreement Over Multipath Channels Exploiting a Variable-Directional Antenna

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Author(s): Valery Korzhik | Viktor Yakovlev | Yuri Kovajkin | Guillermo Morales-Luna

Journal: International Journal of Advanced Computer Sciences and Applications
ISSN 2156-5570

Volume: 3;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 172;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: wireless communication | wave propagation | cryptography | key distribution

ABSTRACT
We develop an approach of key distribution protocol(KDP) proposed recently by T.Aono et al., where the security of KDP is only partly estimated in terms of eavesdropper's key bit errors. Instead we calculate the Shannon's information leaking to a wire tapper and also we apply the privacy amplification procedure from the side of the legal users. A more general mathematical model based on the use of Variable-Directional Antenna (VDA) under the condition of multipath wave propagation is proposed. The new method can effectively be used even in noiseless interception channels providing thus a widened area with respect to practical applications. Statistical characteristics of the VDA are investigated by simulation, allowing to specify the model parameters. We prove that the proposed KDP provides both security and reliability of the shared keys even for very short distances between legal users and eavesdroppers. Antenna diversity is proposed as a mean to enhance the KDP security. In order to provide a better performance evaluation of the KDP, it is investigated the use of error correcting codes.

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