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THE SECURITY-DEVELOPMENT NEXUS: A TYPOLOGY, HISTORY AND IMPLEMENTATION OF CHANGING PARADIGM

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Author(s): Šárka Waisová

Journal: Obrana a Strategie
ISSN 1214-6463

Volume: 11;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 91;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Security-development nexus | development | security | development policy | security policy

ABSTRACT
The article is a response to the contemporary state of research of the security-development nexus and attempts to analyze the heterogeneous area of its interpretations and implementations. It analyzes the ways and describes the development of interpretations of the security-development nexus. The text also offers empirical material to enable looking at the variety of effects. It shows that despite a broad interdisciplinary debate, three general attitudes have been generated. The first one is based on the idea that security is the prerequisite of development, the second one that development is the prerequisite of security, and the third one that security and development go hand in hand. The area of concepts appears to be wide and varied as well. The contemporary concepts differ mainly in whose development and whose security they take into account, and which one from these two values (development or security) is understood as more important and how it is interpreted (what is “security” and what is “development”). On the operational level it is clear, that the security-development nexus is not only an academic and theoretical reflection or pose, but that it also influences the practice and changes the national, as well as the international politics. The presented empirical material does not say anything about the size of the change and the number of actors affected, however, it shows that it is no marginal phenomenon, because it has affected important players in the international system as well as rules governing the system.
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