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Segmentation of MS lesions using entropy-based EM algorithm and Markov random fields

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Author(s): Ahmad Bijar | Mahdi Mohamad Khanloo | Antonio Peñalver Benavent | Rasoul Khayati

Journal: Journal of Biomedical Science and Engineering
ISSN 1937-6871

Volume: 04;
Issue: 08;
Start page: 552;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: Gaussian Mixture Model | EM | Entropy | Markov Random Field | Multiple Sclerosis

ABSTRACT
This paper presents an approach for fully automatic segmentation of MS lesions in fluid attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) Magnetic Resonance (MR) images. The proposed method estimates a gaussian mixture model with three kernels as cerebrospinal fluid (CSF), normal tissue and Multiple Sclerosis lesions. To estimate this model, an automatic Entropy based EM algorithm is used to find the best estimated Model. Then, Markov random field (MRF) model and EM algorithm are utilized to obtain and upgrade the class conditional probability density function and the apriori probability of each class. After estimation of Model parameters and apriori probability, brain tissues are classified using bayesian classification. To evaluate the result of the proposed method, similarity criteria of different slices related to 20 MS patients are calculated and compared with other methods which include manual segmentation. Also, volume of segmented lesions are computed and compared with gold standard using correlation coefficient. The proposed method has better performance in comparison with previous works which are reported here.

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Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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