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Segmentos anátomo-cirúrgicos arteriais do rim de cutia (Dasyprocta prymnolopha) Anatomical-surgical arterial segments of the kidney in agouti (Dasyprocta prymnolopha)

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Author(s): Maria A.M. Carvalho | Laurita M. Azevedo | Danilo J.A. Menezes | Moacir F. Oliveira | Antonio C. Assis Neto | Fernanda T.S. Cardoso | Maria C.M.O. Teixeira

Journal: Pesquisa Veterinária Brasileira
ISSN 0100-736X

Volume: 28;
Issue: 5;
Start page: 249;
Date: 2008;
Original page

Keywords: Dasyprocta prymnolopha | agouti | rim | vascularização | artérias | Dasyprocta prymnolopha | agouti | kidney | vascularization | arteries

ABSTRACT
Foram estudados 20 pares de rins decutias (Dasyprocta prymnolopha Wagler, 1831), com o objetivo de descrever os segmentos anátomo-cirúrgicos arteriais. As artérias renais foram injetadas com solução de Vinilite corada, e os rins foram submetidos à corrosão ácida para a obtenção dos moldes vasculares. Observou-se que as artérias renais da cutia, sempre únicas, dividiram-se em artéria setorial ventral e artéria setorial dorsal, caracterizando dois setores renais separados por plano avascular. As artérias setoriais penetraram no hilo renal (100% dos casos). Estes vasos deram origem aos ramos segmentares responsáveis pela irrigação de territórios independentes em cada setor, os segmentos arteriais renais. No rim direito foram observados 3 (60%), 4 (35%) e 5 segmentos (5%) no setor arterial ventral e 3 (30%), 4 (45%), 5 (20%) e 6 (5%) segmentos no setor dorsal e, à esquerda, 2(10%), 3 (55%) e 4 (35%) segmentos no setor ventral e 3 (25%), 4 (50%) e 5 (25%) no dorsal. Com base na distribuição arterial nos rins de cutia, observaram-se setores e segmentos arteriais independentes, sendo possível, desta forma, a realização de setoriectomia e segmentectomia nesta espécie.Twenty pairs of agouti (Dasyprocta prymnolopha Wagler, 1831) kidneys were studied to describe the arterial anatomical-surgical segments. The renal arteries were injected with stained acetate vinyl, followed by procedures of acid corrosion in order to obtain vascular casts. It was found that the renal artery is always single and bifurcated into ventral and dorsal sectorial arteries. The sectorial arteries reached the kidneys (100% of the cases) through the hilus. These vessels gave origin to segmental branches responsible for kidney irrigation. At the right kidney, the ventral sectorial arteries gave origin to 3 (60% of the cases), 4 (35%) and 5 (5%) segmental branches; the dorsal sectorial arteries gave origin to 3 (30%), 4 (45%), 5 (20%) and 6 (5%) segmental arteries separated by a vascular sector. At the left kidney, the ventral sectorial arteries originated 2 (10%), 3 (55%) or 4 (35%) segmental branches; the dorsal sectorial arteries gave origin to 3 (25%), 4 (50%) and 5 (25%) segmental branches. Based on the arterial distribution of agouti kidneys, independent sections and arterial segments were found, so that it is possible to accomplish partial kidney resection surgery.

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