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Selection of an Efficient Method of Biodiesel Production from Vegetable Oil Based on Fuel Properties

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Author(s): Abdullah Al Mamun1 , Shaila Siddiqua2 , Sheikh Md. Enayetul Babar3

Journal: International Journal of Engineering Trends and Technology
ISSN 2231-5381

Volume: 4;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 3289;
Date: 2013;
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Keywords: Biodiesel | Vegetable oil | Kinematic viscosity | Density | Calorific value | Flash point.

ABSTRACT
Biodiesel has become more attractive recently because of its environmental benefits. Biodiesel is an alternative fuel for diesel engines consisting of the alkyl monoesters of fatty acids from vegetable oils or animal fats. Currently most of the biodiesel is made from vegetable oil, methanol, and an alkaline catalyst. In this study, three different methods were modified andused to extract biodiesel from four different sources e.g. soybean oil (Glycine max), sesame oil (Sesamum orientale), palm oil (Elaeis guineensis) and mustard oil (Brassica nigra). The objective of this study was to establish an efficient method from three modified methods by comparing the fuel properties (kinematic viscosity, flashpoint, calorific value and density) of extracted biodiesel from those methods. It was found that fuel properties of biodiesel produced by modified method 1 were better than biodiesel produced by modified method 2 and 3.
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