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Selection and Evaluation of Exotic Genotypes of Sugar Beet (Beta vulgaris L.) in Peshawar Valley

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Author(s): Kamal-ud-din Azam Jah | Anwar Ali Shad | Muhammad Younas | Imran Mohammad | Dawa khan

Journal: Asian Journal of Plant Sciences
ISSN 1682-3974

Volume: 2;
Issue: 8;
Start page: 655;
Date: 2003;
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Keywords: Suger beet | beta vulgaris | exotic Genotypes

ABSTRACT
To evaluate and select exotic genotypes of sugar beet in Peshawar valley, an experiment was conducted at Sugar Crops Research Institute, Mardan during 2000-2001. The experiment was laid out in a Randomized Complete Block design with four replications. The plot-size was 9.50 x 3.6 m2 with row-to-row distance of 60 cm and plant-to-plant distance 22 cm. The germplasms included Kawe Terma, Prima Poly, KWS Pak-9211, Allyx, Aura, Sibel, KWA Pak-937, KWS Pak-961, Cadyx and KWS Pak-238. Statistical analysis of the data revealed that bolting, disease resistance, root length, pol%, leaf length and width were significantly different. Plant population, root girth, root yield, aphid and cutworm infestation, top root-1 ratio, brix and purity were not significantly different. Mean values of the data showed that KWS Pak-238 produced maximum bolting%, leaf length and leaf width. Sibel attained maximum beet length. Highest pol% and sugar yield was recorded for Aura. From the results it is concluded that Aura produced maximum pol% and sugar yield and is recommended for commercial cultivation after confirmation of these results in future evaluation.
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