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SELF REPORTED HEARING LOSS AMONG ELDERLY MALAYSIANS

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Author(s): AK Rosdina | M Leelavathi | A Zaitun | VKM Lee | MN Azimah | SH Majmin | KA Mohd

Journal: Malaysian Family Physician
ISSN 1985-207X

Volume: 5;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 91;
Date: 2010;
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Keywords: Elderly | hearing impairment | hearing loss | Malaysia.

ABSTRACT
A cross-sectional study was conducted on patients attending a primary care facility to determine the prevalence of self reported hearing loss using a single question, “Do you have hearing loss?” Pure tone audiometry was performed to compare the accuracy of the self report. A total of 111 patients were recruited. The prevalence of self reported hearing loss using a single question and pure tone audiometry was 24.3% and 36.9% respectively. By using pure tone audiometry at a cut-off-level of 25 dBHL (decibels Hearing level), the single question yielded a sensitivity of 41.4% and specificity of 85.0%.The single question performed better at 40 dBHL pure tone audiometry with sensitivity of 55.0% and specificity of 82.0%. In conclusion, the prevalence of hearing loss in elderly was high and the single question self reported hearing loss performed satisfactorily with moderate hearing loss.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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