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Septic Knee Arthritis: An Extremely Rare Complication of Nephrotic Syndrome

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Author(s): Fotiadis E

Journal: Journal of Orthopaedics
ISSN 0972-978X

Volume: 4;
Issue: 3;
Date: 2007;
Original page

Keywords: septic arthritis | Nephrotic syndrome

ABSTRACT
Septic arthritis may occur in patients of any age. The bacteria can infect the joint by hematogenous route, by direct inoculation of a wound or by direct extension of an adjacent osteomyelitis. The most common causative agents of septic arthritis in elderly people are Staphylococcus Aureus, β-Haemolytic streptococcus and Gram negative bacteria such as Klebsiella and Salmonella 1. The signs of septic arthritis are fever, pain, swelling, heat, erythema and the loss of joint’s movement. Diagnosis is confirmed with biochemical examination and culture of synovial fluid
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