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Seroprevalence of Morbillivirus Antibody and Abattoir Survey of One Humped Slaughtered Camels (Camelus dramedarius) in Maiduguri Municipal Abattoir Maiduguri, Nigeria

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Author(s): M.B. Abubakar | A.B. Sanda | A.D. EL-Yuguda | S.S. Baba

Journal: Asian Journal of Scientific Research
ISSN 1992-1454

Volume: 1;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 85;
Date: 2008;
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Keywords: Morbillivirus | camel | abattoir survey | Maiduguri Nigeria

ABSTRACT
Retrospective survey for prevalence of Morbillivirus antibody was carried out in 400 camels slaughtered in Maiduguri municipal abattoir using Complement Fixation Test (CFT). The results of the retrospective study showed that complement fixing antibodies to Morbillivirus were prevalent in the slaughtered camels tested. An overall prevalence rate 154 (38.5%) of morbillvirus antibodies was found among the animals screened, 232 (58%) showed evidence of anti-complementary activities and 14 (3.5%) were negative. The survey of slaughtered camels in the municipal abattoir revealed increased camel importation during the months of April to May which coincided with the prolonged hot-dry season in the study area. The rainy season which coincided with the months of July to September is characterized by a decrease in the number of imported camels to Nigeria. It is therefore important that camels be included among the group of animals to be monitored for the activities of Morbillivirus like RPV/PPRV and to define their role in the epidemiology of the disease in Nigeria and elsewhere.

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