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Serum triglyceride level and prognosis of acute cerebral ischemic stroke

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Author(s): Toghae M | Namakian F | Gheini MR | Aloosh M

Journal: Tehran University Medical Journal
ISSN 1683-1764

Volume: 68;
Issue: 7;
Start page: 423;
Date: 2010;
Original page

Keywords: Cerebral ischemia | stroke | lipid | profile | triglyceride | prognosis

ABSTRACT
"nBackground: Cerebrovascular ischemic accident is the third most common cause of death in community. Management of high-risk patients reduces complications and mortality. Serum lipid profile is one of the most important factors influencing the prognosis."n "nMethods: In this cross sectional study, 123 (58 female and 65 male) patients with acute ischemic stroke, mean aged 65.1± 11.16 years, were admitted to Sina Hospital between September 2008 and September 2009. The inclusion criteria were age between 40-90 years and ischemic stroke within the anterior or posterior brain blood system. The exclusion criteria were brain tumor or abscess, venous sinus thrombosis, liver disease, renal failure, hypothyroidism or metabolic problems. Serum lipid profile was evaluated during the first 24 hours after stroke and after 12 hours of fasting. Furthermore, the patients&apos; inability was evaluated on the first and fifth day of hospitalization by NIH Stroke Scale (NIHSS)."n "nResults: Patients&apos; total serum cholesterol was 189.93± 51.46 mg/dl and mean total serum triglycerides was 157.72± 72.67 mg/dl. The mean HDL and LDL was 47.70± 14.43 and 105.98± 37 mg/dl, respectively. In the analysis, a significant inverse relationship was found between serum triglyceride levels and fifth day&apos;s NIHSS. In addition, age and a history of heart disease had a significant direct relationship with the first day&apos;s NIHSS. (p< 0.05)"n "nConclusion: The study showed a better prognosis in cases with increased plasma triglyceride levels, after cerebral ischemic stroke. Besides, older age and a history of ischemic heart disease were associated with a worse prognosis.
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