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Shaping Earnings Mobility: Policy and Institutional Factors

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Author(s): Denisa Maria Sologon | Cathal O’Donoghue

Journal: The European Journal of Comparative Economics
ISSN 1824-2979

Volume: 8;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 175;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Wage Distribution | Inequality | Earnings Mobility | Labour Market Institutions | Labour Market Policies

ABSTRACT
This paper explores the role of labour market policy and institutional factors in explaining cross-national differences in earnings mobility across Europe in the 1990s using the European Community Household Panel and OECD data on institutional variables. More regulation in both labour and product markets emerge as sources of labour market rigidity, being positively associated with earnings immobility and exacerbating the adverse effects of macro-economic shocks on earnings mobility. Unionization is found to promote earnings mobility, effect, however, counteracted in periods with adverse macroeconomic shocks. Corporatism is found to promote mobility and to counteract the adverse effects of macroeconomic shocks on earnings mobility. The generosity of the unemployment benefit is found to limit the adverse effects of macroeconomic shocks on earnings mobility.
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