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A Short Analysis of the Fundamental Issues in Language Teaching Research

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Author(s): Mohammad Zohrabi

Journal: Theory and Practice in Language Studies
ISSN 1799-2591

Volume: 1;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 698;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: research design | data collection & analysis | pilot study | ethical issues

ABSTRACT
The design that is selected for any study is like a skeleton which supports the different parts of the research. It is the research design which determines how the data should be collected, analyzed and interpreted. This article attempts to delineate the different research approaches: qualitative, quantitative and mixed methods design. At this juncture, the crucial issue is the gathering of information in order to get an understanding of the problem more deeply and find appropriate ways of dealing with it. Therefore, the data collection discusses the different types of data that should be obtained. After collecting the necessary data, the researcher should analyze them in detail. Thus, the data analysis is dealt at length. It is crucial that before carrying out the real study, the researcher ensure that the research design, data collection instruments and data analysis work well. Therefore, the pilot study comes to the aid of the researcher to help approach the actual phase of the research more confidently. Finally, every researcher should consider the rights of the participants and take heed of some rules during and after the research process. Therefore, the ethical issues explain how the researcher should act in conducting a study.

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