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Short term impact of smoking on cardio-vascular functioning in adults from industrial town in Western Maharashtra, India

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Author(s): Vandana V.Chiddarwar | V.A.Chiddarwar | Jinendra M.Jain | Smita S.Singhania

Journal: International Journal of Pharmacy and Biomedical Sciences
ISSN 0976-5263

Volume: 03;
Issue: 04;
Start page: 220;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Smoking | Cardiovascular function | Blood pressure | ECG

ABSTRACT
Tobacco smoking is known risk factor for the development of hypertension, coronary artery disease, acute myocardial infarction and sudden cardiac death. In India, smoking is becoming more and more popular among young adults.Hence, a study planned to evaluate impact of smoking on adult cardiovascular functions. This study evaluated the effect of smoking on blood pressure and ECG in the 30 adultsmokers inthe age group of 25-35 years. 30 age & sex matched non-smokers functioned as control. Statistical significant rise in pulse rate and blood pressure of smokers and non-smokers was found. Pulse rate in smokers was found to be (87, SEM ± 16.53) and in non-smokers it was found to be (75, SEM ± 7.82), (p=0.0007). Systolic and diastolic blood pressure readings were found to be raised to near hypertension levels in smokers (140/90mm of Hg) in comparison to the non-smokers (120/70mm of Hg), (p

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