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Significance of Cardiac Rehabilitation on Cardiovascular Diseases

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Author(s): Krutika Gajjar | Dr.Parloop Bhatt | Dr.Yagnik S.Bhalodia | Dr.Sizan B.Patel | Chintan Patel

Journal: International Journal For Pharmaceutical Research Scholars
ISSN 2277-7873

Volume: 1;
Issue: 2;
Start page: 499;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: Cardiac rehabilitation | Cardiovascular disease

ABSTRACT
Considering the high mortality and morbidity rate associated with cardiovascular diseases, Cardiacrehabilitation (CR) is regarded for prevention and management of cardiovascular diseases. CR servicesare generally provided in an outpatient as comprehensive, long-term programs involving medicalevaluation, prescribed exercise, cardiac risk factor modification, education and counseling. This includesnutritional therapies, weight loss program management of lipid abnormalities with diet and medication,blood pressure control, diabetes management and stress management. The exercise component of a totalapproach to rehabilitation helps to overcome the fears and anxieties that so many people experience aftera heart attack. Aerobic exercise training program improves cardiovascular fitness in both healthyindividual and cardiac patients. Cardiac rehabilitation prevents and treat cardiovascular disease, reducescardiac risk factors, improving patient’s exercise capacity and enhancing quality of life. Aerobicexercise with intensity of approximately 60 to 70% of the maximal heart rate for 30 to 60 minutes, 3 to 4times a week, for 4 to 6 weeks enhances exercise capacity.
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