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Significantly improved precision of cell migration analysis in time-lapse video microscopy through use of a fully automated tracking system

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Author(s): Huth Johannes | Buchholz Malte | Kraus Johann | Schmucker Martin | von Wichert Götz | Krndija Denis | Seufferlein Thomas | Gress Thomas | Kestler Hans

Journal: BMC Cell Biology
ISSN 1471-2121

Volume: 11;
Issue: 1;
Start page: 24;
Date: 2010;
Original page

ABSTRACT
Abstract Background Cell motility is a critical parameter in many physiological as well as pathophysiological processes. In time-lapse video microscopy, manual cell tracking remains the most common method of analyzing migratory behavior of cell populations. In addition to being labor-intensive, this method is susceptible to user-dependent errors regarding the selection of "representative" subsets of cells and manual determination of precise cell positions. Results We have quantitatively analyzed these error sources, demonstrating that manual cell tracking of pancreatic cancer cells lead to mis-calculation of migration rates of up to 410%. In order to provide for objective measurements of cell migration rates, we have employed multi-target tracking technologies commonly used in radar applications to develop fully automated cell identification and tracking system suitable for high throughput screening of video sequences of unstained living cells. Conclusion We demonstrate that our automatic multi target tracking system identifies cell objects, follows individual cells and computes migration rates with high precision, clearly outperforming manual procedures.
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