Academic Journals Database
Disseminating quality controlled scientific knowledge

Silencing of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 expression by RNA interference suppresses growth of human hepatocellular carcinoma in tumor-bearing nude mice

ADD TO MY LIST
 
Author(s): Jing Li, Yun-Feng Piao, Zheng Jiang, Li Chen, Hai-Bo Sun

Journal: World Journal of Gastroenterology
ISSN 1007-9327

Volume: 15;
Issue: 21;
Start page: 2602;
Date: 2009;
Original page

Keywords: RNA interference | Signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 transcription factor | Hepatocellular carcinoma | Xenograft model antitumor assays | Nude mouse

ABSTRACT
AIM: To explore the effect of silencing of signal transducer and activator of transcription 3 (STAT3) expression by RNA interference (RNAi) on growth of human hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) in tumor-bearing nude mice in vivo.METHODS: To construct the recombinant plasmid of pSilencer 3.0-H1-STAT3-siRNA-GFP (pSH1-siRNA-STAT3) and establish the tumor-bearing nude mouse model of the HCC cell line SMMC7721, we used intratumoral injection together with electroblotting to transfect the recombinant plasmid pSH1-siRNA-STAT3 into the transplanted tumor. The weight of the nude mice and tumor volumes were recorded. STAT3 gene transcription was detected by semi-quantitative reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). Level of protein expression and location of STAT3 were determined by Western blotting and immunohistochemical staining. STAT3-related genes such as survivin, c-myc, VEGF, p53 and caspase3 mRNA and protein expression were detected in tumor tissues at the same time. The terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase-mediated dUTP nick end labeling (TUNEL) assay was used to detect apoptosis of tumor cells.RESULTS: The weight of the treated nude mice increased, and the tumor volume decreased markedly compared with those of the mock-treated and negative control groups (P < 0.01). The results of RT-PCR and Western blotting showed that mRNA and protein levels of STAT3 declined markedly in the treated group. The change in STAT3-related gene expression in tumor tissues at the mRNA and protein level also varied, the expression of survivin, VEGF and c-myc were obviously reduced, and expression of p53 and caspase3 increased (P < 0.01). Most of the tumor tissue cells in the treated group developed apoptosis that was detected by TUNEL assay.CONCLUSION: Silencing of STAT3 expression by RNAi significantly inhibits expression of STAT3 mRNA and protein, and suppresses growth of human HCC in tumor-bearing nude mice. The mechanism may be related to down-regulation of survivin, VEGF and c-myc and up-regulation of p53 and caspase3 expression. Accordingly, the STAT3 gene may act as an important and effective target in gene therapy of HCC.
Save time & money - Smart Internet Solutions     

Tango Rapperswil
Tango Rapperswil