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Silver/poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) nanocomposites obtained by the electrochemical synthesis

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Author(s): Jovanović Željka | Radosavljević Aleksandra | Kačarević-Popović Zorica | Mišković-Stanković Vesna

Journal: Hemijska Industrija
ISSN 0367-598X

Volume: 65;
Issue: 6;
Start page: 687;
Date: 2011;
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Keywords: Silver nanoparticles | poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) | nanocomposites | electrochemical reduction | spectroscopy

ABSTRACT
Silver/poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) (Ag/PVP) nanocomposites were obtained by electrochemical reduction of Ag+ ions at a constant voltage, by the in situ synthesis of silver nanoparticles inside poly(N-vinyl-2-pyrrolidone) matrix, previously crosslinked by γ-irradiation. Optimal values of synthesis parameters were investigated: the composition of the solution for swelling of PVP hydrogel, implementation time and applied voltage. Ag/PVP nanocomposites were characterized by UV-visible spectroscopy, and IR spectroscopy. UV-visible spectroscopy results shown that the reduction of silver ions was more efficient when the more conductive solution for swelling of PVP hydrogel was used, i.e. the solution containing 3.9 mM AgNO3 with 0.1 M KNO3. Also, it was shown that the concentration of the reduced silver increases with the increase in implementation time and applied voltage, up to the values of 4 min, and 200 V, respectively. The Ag nanoparticle size was estimated to be 25 nm, by comparison of the experimental results of UV-vis spectroscopy with the theoretical predictions obtained by the calculations in “MiePlot v.3.4” computer program, having the algorithm based on Mie scattering from a sphere. The results of FTIR spectroscopy have shown that Ag nanoparticles are mainly bonded to PVP by coordination bondages between Ag nanoparticles and N from the pyrrolidone ring of PVP.
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