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Simulation of nitrogen leaching and nitrate concentration in a long-term field experiment

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Author(s): Jan HABERLE | Martin Káš

Journal: Journal of Central European Agriculture
ISSN 1332-9049

Volume: 13;
Issue: 3;
Start page: 416;
Date: 2012;
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Keywords: mineral nitrogen rate | manure | straw | nitrate | leaching | model

ABSTRACT
The effects of organic and mineral nitrogen fertilization on nitrogen leaching and nitrate concentration in percolated water were simulated using the CANDY model. In a long-term IOSDV field experiment carried out from 1983 to the present in Lukavec, Czech Republic, increasing nitrogen rates from 0 kg to 200 kg N*ha-1 in mineral fertilizers were combined with the application of farmyard manure or straw, the control treatment was without organic fertilization. The simulation results of four rotations in the years 1996 – 2007 are presented. In the treatments, the average simulated nitrogen leaching ranged from 2 kg to 71 kg N*ha-1 y-1, the average nitrate concentrations were between 5 mg and 191 mg*l-1. The average year concentration of nitrate about 40 mg*l-1 indicated increasing occurrence of concentrations above 50 mg*l-1 at daily basis. Nitrogen leaching and nitrate concentrations were non-linearly related to the total nitrogen inputs (R2= 0.98), the organic fertilizer treatments only negligibly altered the form of the relationship. The average nitrate concentration exceeded 50 mg*l-1 at a total nitrogen input level about 150 kg N*ha-1; this corresponding to an average leaching of 20 kg N*ha-1 y-1.
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