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A Single Polyaniline Nanofiber Field Effect Transistor and Its Gas Sensing Mechanisms

Author(s): Dajing Chen | Sheng Lei | Yuquan Chen

Journal: Sensors
ISSN 1424-8220

Volume: 11;
Issue: 7;
Start page: 6509;
Date: 2011;
Original page

Keywords: polyaniline | single nanofiber | field effect | NH3 sensor

A single polyaniline nanofiber field effect transistor (FET) gas sensor fabricated by means of electrospinning was investigated to understand its sensing mechanisms and optimize its performance. We studied the morphology, field effect characteristics and gas sensitivity of conductive nanofibers. The fibers showed Schottky and Ohmic contacts based on different electrode materials. Higher applied gate voltage contributes to an increase in gas sensitivity. The nanofiber transistor showed a 7% reversible resistance change to 1 ppm NH3 with 10 V gate voltage. The FET characteristics of the sensor when exposed to different gas concentrations indicate that adsorption of NH3 molecules reduces the carrier mobility in the polyaniline nanofiber. As such, nanofiber-based sensors could be promising for environmental and industrial applications.

Tango Jona
Tangokurs Rapperswil-Jona

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