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Sintering and Mechanical Properties of Magnesium and Fluorine Co-Substituted Hydroxyapatites

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Journal: Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology
ISSN 2158-7027

Volume: 04;
Issue: 01;
Start page: 1;
Date: 2013;
Original page

Keywords: Hydroxyapatite; Magnesium | Fluorine; Sintering; Mechanical Properties

ABSTRACT
Biological apatites contain several elements as traces. In this work, Magnesium and fluorine co-substituted hydroxyapatites with the general formula Ca9Mg(PO4)6(OH)2-yFy, where y = 0, 0.5, 1, 1.5 and 2 were synthesized by the hydrothermal method. After calcination at 500℃, the samples were pressureless sintered between 950℃ and 1250℃. The substitution of F- for OH- had a strong influence on the densification behavior and mechanical properties of the materials. Below 1200℃, the density steeply decreased for y = 0.5 sample. XRD analysis revealed that compared to hydroxylfluorapatite containing no magnesium, the substituted hydroxyfluorapatites decomposed, and the nature of the decomposition products is tightly dependent on the fluorine content. The hardness, elastic modulus and fracture toughness of these materials were investigated by Vickers’s hardness testing. The highest values were 622 ± 4 GPa, 181 ± 1 GPa and 1.85 ± 0.06 MPa.m1/2, respectively.
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